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Supporting Research

  • Longitudinal Statistical Examination in a Massachusetts School District

    Type: multivariate and repeated-measures analyses

    Data Source:  Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System (MCAS) scores

    Findings: net positive effect of Cumulative Singapore Mathematics on the MCAS; the duration of participation in Singapore math classes has a greater positive impact on test score gains than participation at any given grade level or no participation at all.

  • A Study of the Singapore Math Program Math in Focus, State Test Results

    Type: mixed model analysis of variance with a Math In Focus group and control group

    Data Source: New Jersey Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (NJ ASK)

    Findings: both groups increased statistically significantly, the gain for the control group was 3.5 standard score points versus 12.4 for the Math in Focus group.

Structure: Series of student textbooks and workbooks, along with teacher guides, introduce and develop mathematical concepts using a concrete-pictorial-abstract method.  Singapore Math is characterized by going deeper in fewer topics, utilizing representations such as number bonds and model drawings, and teaching students to mastery, eliminating the need to cover the same materials multiple times.

Learning Activities: Students engage in teacher directed lessons as they construct their own understanding of the mathematics in a problem-based curriculum.

Learning Outcomes:

·         Increased student mastery of content.
·         Conceptual understanding leading to procedural fluency.
·         Improved use of mathematics for problem solving.


Primary Mathematics Series by Marshall Cavendish Education (, Math in Focus® Singapore Math® by Marshall Cavendish® (

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