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Supporting Research


Structure: Virtual manipulatives are interactive, digital representations of physical mathematical manipulatives and tools.  Often virtual manipulatives are designed to highlight mathematical concepts to support learning as students work with them.

Learning Outcomes

Achievement of mathematics objective in a lesson.


Virtual Manipulatives with Lesson Plan Support

Adaptive Software Utilizing Virtual Manipulatives

Virtual Manipulatives for People with Hearing Impairment

Interactive Simulations for Math and Science


Patricia S. Moyer-Packenham, Arla Westenskow, et. al.

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